The major types of excavations

One of the significant activities that people find themselves doing is excavating. In this case, in case you are thinking of constructing any building, bridges, roadways, and even installing pipes, this is an activity that you have to engage yourself in.

This makes excavation a significant activity in any of the construction projects you might have. Excavation requires exceptional tools and techniques so that you can prepare the area that you need to construct.  In construction, there are several types of excavations that are used.  The following are some of the kinds of excavations that you may apply in your building.

Topsoil excavation

The topsoil is the topmost soil or the soil that has been exposed at the earth’s surface. The topsoil excavation involves the removal of these soil that has been exposed on the ground. As you remove this soil, you will also be removing the vegetables and any decayed materials that could be on the ground. The primary purpose of the topsoil excavation is to make the land suitable to bear the load of the structures that you will be constructing on it.

Rock excavation

As the name suggests, rock excavation involves clearing the land surface and especially rocky surfaces that may endanger or prevent the construction from proceeding.  This is one of the most complicated types of excavation. This is because the excavation cannot be done unless you have the proper equipment and also use the right techniques to remove the rocks on the construction site.

Earth excavation

There are layers of soils that are there below the topsoil. When you remove the topsoil by topsoil excavation method, you also require to remove the other layers of soil for the sake of your construction process. The removal of the different layers of soil on the earth’s surface is called earth excavation. Earth excavation is mostly done when you are constructing buildings, drainage ditches, and bridges. These layers of soils are removed to create a foundation for the constructions you are making.

Muck excavation

Muck is the word that is used in describing a combination of water and soil.  This combination is very undesirable when it comes to construction. As such, you must make sure that you have removed the muck from the construction site or spread it so that it can dry.  The type of excavation you apply in this case is the muck excavation.

Trench excavation

Trench excavation is the type of excavation that you apply when you are laying foundations, burying service lines, installing sewer systems, and also installing pipes on the ground surfaces.  In trench excavation, you can consider making shallow trenches or deep trenches depending on what you will bury on the trenches.


At times you may find construction to be very difficult, mainly because there are sediments that have been deposited underwater. This requires you to remove these sediments and other debris that has been deposited to make construction easier. At times, this type of excavation is used to make the passage of ships and boats better.

Stripping excavation

The stripping excavation is also known as the cut and fill excavation. Cut and fill excavation involves removing the topsoils, sand, rocks, and any other materials on the earth’s surface. When you are using this excavation method, you do not have to involve other excavation methods. This is because it combines them all at once.

Whatever type of excavation you need, Hammer Excavations in Eltham will gladly carry it out for you.

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